Learn the stories of Civil War soldiers, cotton kingpins, slaves and sharecroppers at a 19th-century plantation where cotton is still farmed today.
This is an 1,800-acre cotton farm and museum whose history stretches back to circa 1815. Built near Native American mounds in the fertile Mississippi Delta, Frogmore's guides take visitors through the plantation's wild backstory, from its heyday as a stop along the Natchez-to-Natchitoches wagon trail, to its prominence as a Civil War encampment, to its present life as a working cotton operation.
The fact that Frogmore continues to be farmed after 200 years makes it unique among plantation museums. "There’s no other cotton plantation in the South that is a museum and is actively being farmed," Lynette Tanner, owner of Frogmore Plantation said.
Frogmore Plantation's history is mysterious as it is fascinating.
Native Americans and the Mysterious Mounds
Tribes arrived here long before French moved into the region during the 1700s—700 years earlier, in fact. Ancient Native American farmers built hundreds of mounds throughout the state, the most famous collections being at Poverty Point and Marksville. At Frogmore, you’ll see one that measures 14 feet high and 200 feet long. The Frogmore mound was built over a walled structure whose use is unclear, leaving more questions than answers about the people who built it. Today, it is one of the 39 mounds along the state’s Ancient Mounds Heritage Area and Trails.
A Stop for West-bound Wagons
Frogmore Plantation was built on an enviable plot of real estate. A farmer named Daniel Morris built the farm along an early wagon trail that stretched from Natchez, Mississippi to Natchitoches—a city that, at 300 years old as of 2014, is Louisiana’s oldest. The trade route eventually led to the Camino Real in Texas, and all of this interstate travel meant that Frogmore’s cotton was easy to ship across the South and beyond. By the time the Civil War came to Louisiana, the once-tiny plantation had grown to a massive 2,640 acres.
The War Between the States Comes to Frogmore
Picture this: it’s August of 1864, the Civil War’s raging, you’re a Union soldier in a Confederate state and you find a very wealthy friend in the remote plains of central Louisiana. That’s exactly what happened at Frogmore, where its owner, William Gillespie (the son who inherited Frogmore in 1855 after his parents were killed in a train wreck in Burlington, NJ) allowed Union soldiers to camp and stock up on supplies on his property before heading to a raid on Rebel soldiers who’d been spotted along the Tensas River. “Union sympathizers like him weren’t naive,” Tanner said. “They knew the South didn’t have the economic structure to withstand a war.” By aligning himself with the North, Gillespie guaranteed he would continue selling cotton throughout the nation long after the war was over.
Africans’ Road from Slavery to Emancipation
Despite their opposition to secession, many Union-sympathizing planters in Louisiana had slaves. Frogmore had approximately 159. At the museum, visitors learn about the lives of Africans living and working on the plantation, the effects of the Civil War on women and children and includes stops at original slave cabins donated to the plantation. They are furnished as they would have been in the early to mid-1800s. Tanner felt so strongly that the story of Louisiana slaves needed to be told, that she wrote a book on it entitled Chained to the Land, available at the museum’s gift shop or online as an ebook.
Frogmore Plantation Today
Today, Frogmore Plantation honors the past while keeping an eye on the future. Tanner and her husband, George “Buddy” Tanner, continue working the fields and computerized cotton gin, producing approximately 900 bales of cotton per day. Stop by, try your hand at picking some cotton yourself and learn about the rich history of this truly fascinating monument to Louisiana’s heritage.
Call Frogmore Plantation at 318.757.2453 or visit FrogmorePlantation.com to view hours open for tours.